牛扁的生长习性是什么?有哪些药用价值?

  不知道大家对牛扁有了解吗?今天城主说小编给大家带来了一些牛扁相关的介绍,感兴趣的读者可以跟着城主说小编一起往下看。

  中文学名:牛扁

  拼音:niú biǎn

  拉丁学名:Aconitum barbatum Pers. var. puberulum Ledeb.

  别 称:扁桃叶根、扁特、扁毒

  门:被子植物门纲:双子叶植物纲

  目:毛茛目亚 目:

  科:毛茛科亚科:金莲花亚科

  族:翠雀族属:乌头属

  形态特征

  牛扁多年生草本植物,根近直立,圆柱形,茎高55-90厘米,生2-4枚叶,叶片肾形或圆肾形,三全裂,末回小裂片三角形或狭披针形。顶生总状花序,具密集的花;下部苞片狭线形,中部的披针状钻形,上部的三角形, 小苞片狭三角形;萼片黄色,上萼片圆筒形,种子倒卵球形,褐色,密生横狭翅。7-8月开花。

  生长习性

  牛扁生海拔400-2700米间山地疏林下或较阴湿处。

  药用价值

  牛扁根:苦,温。有毒。祛风止痛,止咳平喘,化痰。用于咳嗽痰喘,腰腿痛,关节肿痛;外用于疥癣,瘰疬,并杀虱。

  

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